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Bharatanatyam and Mohiniyattam dancer. Happily married to Dileep Kannan. Daughter of Mr. E.M Haridas & Mrs. Girija Haridas. Daughter-in-law of Dr. K. P Kannan & Mrs. Shobhana Kannan

October 10, 2013

Mohiniyattam Adavus - Samishrams or Vakrams (1 to 4)



After all the sets of Adavus of ending with "Ganam", we go on to the most complex set of Adavus known as the Vakram or Samishram.  The literal meaning of the word Vakram  is curve and Samishram means medley. These Adavus are a mixture of the previous Adavus we learnt and plenty of flowing movements are involved. These Adavus are slightly complicated yet extremely graceful at the same time. These have no specific numbers . Amma had choreographed 6 of them. Various dancers have choreographed and added to the Samishram repertoire . 

SAMISHRAM-I




Chollu: THAAM THARITHA DHINA DHEEM DHIMITHA DHINA
Starting Posture: Sit in Aramandalam with both near the chest holding Hamsasya. Eyes in Samam

THAAM - Keep the right leg onto the right side on the heels in Aramandalam. Body should be bend to the right side. Right hand should move & change from Hamsasya to Ardhachandra by moving in a circular motion from the chest placing it in front of the right knee. Eyes should follow the right hand.

THARITHA DHINA - Move to the right side placing the left leg in front of the right leg(Right leg should be on the toes). Right hand will be in Hamsasya in front of the chest and the left hand will change from Hamsasya to Ardhachandra moving a slight semi-circular motion from the chest to the left side above the head. Body should be slanted towards the left side and head should be facing the left hand. 

DHEEM - Circle the left hand from above the head and bring near the chest changing from Ardhachandra to Hamsasya. Move body, head and eyes along with the left hand.

DHIMITHA DHINA - Come back to starting posture and sit down properly in Aramandalam.

The entire Adavu is then repeated on the left side.

SAMISHRAM-II



Chollu: THAAM THARITHA DHINA DHEEM DHIMITHA DHINA
Starting Posture: Sit in Aramandalam with both near the chest holding Hamsasya. Eyes in Samam

THAAM  - Change right hand to Ardhachandra and move in a semi-circular manner from in front of the chest .  Stretch the right leg to the right side

THARITHA DHINA  - Move right hand under the left hand and bring it back near the chest while changing to Hamsasya. Drag left leg and move in a semi circular motion in front of the right leg.

DHEEM DHIMITHA DHINA - Exactly like 5th THAGANAM on the right side.

THAAM  - Change left hand to Ardhachandra and move in a semi-circular manner from in front of the chest .  Stretch the left leg to the left side

THARITHA DHINA  - Move left hand under the right hand and bring it back near the chest while changing to Hamsasya. Drag right leg and move in a semi circular motion behind the right leg.

DHEEM DHIMITHA DHINA - Exactly like 5th THAGANAM on the left side.


  • In this Adavu, THAAM THARITHA DHINA DHEEM DHIMITHA DHINA is repeated 4 times. First two are done like mentioned above. 
  • The 3rd one is  similar to the 1st one except that at THAAM THARITHA DHINA the dancer moves in front with her body turned slightly to the left.
  • The 4th one is  similar to the 2nd one except that at THAAM THARITHA DHINA the dancer moves back with her body turned slightly to the left.

The entire Adavu is then repeated on the left side.

SAMISHRAM-III


Chollu: THANKITA THATHTHI THARIKITA DHIMITHAKA 
                   THLONKU THLANKU THATHIMKINA
Starting Posture: Sit in Aramandalam with both the hands about 6 inches to the left of the chest holding Mushti. Bend towards the left side. Eyes should be looking down on the left side.

THANKITA THATHTHI - While remaining at starting posture, stamp right leg twice.

 THARIKITA - Stretch right leg to the right side diagonally.Move body to the right side. Change both hands from Mushti to Tripathaka , place in front of the chest with right palm facing up and left palm facing down.  Eyes look at the right side.

DHIMITHAKA - Remaining in the previous position, stamp the left leg.

THLONKU  -  Move body from right side to left side. Also turn both hands with left palm facing up and right palm facing down. Keep right leg in Swasthikam behind left leg. Eyes and head face the left side.

THLANKU - Remaining in the previous position, stamp the left leg.

THATHIM - Stamp right leg and turn both hands with right palm facing up and left palm facing down. Eyes and head are on the right side.

KINA - Stamp left leg and turn both hands with left palm facing up and right palm facing downEyes and head are on the left side.

The entire Adavu is repeated on the left side.

SAMISHRAM-IV


Chollu: THANKITA THATHTHI THARIKITA DHIMITHAKA 
                   THLONKU THLANKU THATHIMKINA
Starting Posture: Sit in Aramandalam with right hand in front of the chest holding Pathaka and left hand holding Dola .Bend towards the left sideEyes should be looking down on the left side.

THANKITA THATHTHI - While remaining at starting posture, stamp right leg twice.

THARIKITA - Stretch right leg to the right side diagonally.Move body to the right side. Change right hand from Pathaka to Tripathaka in a semi circular motion above the head. Eyes and head will follow the right hand.

DHIMITHAKA - The hand should keep moving and stamp the left leg.

THLONKU - Move the right hand above the head. Keep right leg in Swasthikam behind left leg. Eyes and head should follow the right hand. Body should be slanted to the left side.

THLANKU - Remaining in the previous position, stamp the left leg.

THATHIMKINA - Bring the right to Dola on the right side. Stamp right leg twice and body is slanted to the right side.

This is an extremely graceful Adavu and hence the hand & body should move with fluidity. 

The entire Adavu is repeated on the left side.


August 12, 2013

Mohiniyattam Adavus - Dhaganams (1 to 4)


Now that we have learnt and practised all the 6 Jaganams, we shall now go on to the next set of Mohiniyattam Adavus called the "Dhaganams". Like mentioned before, Dhaganams are adavus which begins with the syllable 'Dh". These are 4 in number. 


DHAGANAM-I



Chollu: DHIKIDHINNAM THADINAM
Starting Posture: Sit in Aramandalam with the Pathaka on the right hand and Hamsasya on the left hand (Both hands near the chest). Eyes in Samam

DHIKI - Body remains in the starting posture but lift the right leg and stamp. Eyes should be looking at the hands near the chest.

DHI - Body remains in the starting posture. Lift the right leg and take a step in front on the heel all the while looking at the hands.

NNAM - Place the left leg next to the right and sit in Aramandi. Hands and eyes remaining in the same position as above.

THA - Stretch right leg to the right side on the heel. Move the hand in a circular motion while changing from Hamsasya to Ardhachandra and place it opposite the right knee with index finger pointing down. Body should be bent to the right side.

DINAM - Bring back both hand and leg to the original position but the right hand should be in Hamsasya. Eyes should look straight.



DHAGANAM-II


Chollu: DHANUTHANUMTHARI DHITHTHATHANUMTHARI
Starting Posture: Sit in Aramandalam holding Hamsasya on both hands near the chest. Eyes in Samam. 

DHA - Take a step to the right side by keeping the right leg to the right side . Swing the right wrist in a semi-circular motion (opens to Tripathaka) to the right side till the palm faces down. Body is slanted to the left side . Head follow the right hand.  Eyes should be looking at right corner down.

NUTHA - Place the front of the left leg right behind the right leg  . Swing the right wrist in a semi-circular motion  back to the original position till the palm faces up. Body is slanted to the right side. Head  follow the right hand. Eyes should be looking at left corner up.

NUM -  Same as DHA

THARI - Come back to starting posture by the placing the left leg next to the right left sitting in Aramandi. The right hand should circle around the wrist while changing back to Hamsasya. Eyes should follow the circular movement of the right hand.



DHAGANAM-III




Chollu: DHANUTHANUMTHARI DHITHTHATHANUMTHARI
Starting Posture: Sit in Aramandalam. Keep both hands in front of the chest in Tripathaka with the right palm facing down with its fingers over the left fingers whose palms are facing up. The elbows are placed in oval shape.

DHA - Raise the right leg in level with left knee at a distance while in changing the posture to Kalmandalam. Stamp the left leg with the heel. Eyes and body are in Samam.

NUTHA - Keep the right leg down a little away from the left leg

NUM - Place the toes of the left leg behind the right leg

THARI - Move the right leg again slightly away from the left leg and keep it on the floor towards the right corner. The right hand should be placed parallel to the right thigh near the chest with the palm facing up and the left hand at the same position with the palm facing down.

At NUMTHARI both the hands should change from the starting position to the final position gradually . Body and eyes should also move in accordance to the movement of the right hand during the course of the Adavu

DHITHTHATHANUMTHARI -The entire Adavu is repeated on the left side .



DHAGANAM-IV







Chollu: DHANUTHA DHAJANUTHA DHAJANUTHA THADHIMITHA
Starting Posture : Sitting in Aramandalam firmly, hold Tripathaka  in both hands in front of the chest in an oval shape palms facing inside.

DHA - Sit in Aramandalam bending slightly forward to the right . The hands are above the head with the palms facing inside. Eyes should be looking at left corner down.

NUTHA - Stretch the left leg to the left corner while changing the posture to Kalmandalam. The palms should turn and face outside . Eyes should look at the hands.

This entire Adavu is done 4 times. Twice on the right side at DHANUTHA DHAJANUTHA and tiwce on the left at DHAJANUTHA THADHIMITHA.

While moving to the left from right and vice-versa, the body should move gracefully in a semi-circular motion.

July 18, 2013

Mohiniyattam Adavus -Jaganams (5 and 6)


Now we shall go on to the last of the Jaganams. These are quite different from the previous 4.

JAGANAM - V


Chollu: JAGAMTHAKITHTHAGATHI NAKAMTHAKITHTHAGATHI 
              JAGAMTHAKITHTHAGATHI NAKAMTHAKITHTHAGATHI

Starting Posture: Right hand is stretched to the right side with palms facing up and left hand is held near the chest with palm facing down ( Both hands - Tripathaka ). Head and eyes are turned to the right side.

JAGAM - Turn to the right side and place the right foot forward with the body at the starting posture and then place the left foot forward while turning the right palm down and left palm facing up. At this juncture, the head should turn and face the audience i.e.  above the left hand looking straight ahead. 

THAKITHTHA - Place the right foot forward while turning the left palm down and right palm facing up(Just like the starting posture).Head and eyes should turned towards the right hand. 

GATHI - Turn the body to the left side while stretching the left hand to the left side with palm facing up and right hand is placed near the chest with palm facing down . Knees are slightly bend and heels are close to each other . Head and eyes are turned to the left.

NAKAM - Keeping body straight, place the left foot forward with both hands in the same position as GATHI and then place the right foot forward while turning the left palm down and right palm facing up. At this juncture, the head should turn and face the audience i.e.  above the right hand looking straight ahead. 

THAKITHTHA - Place the left foot forward while turning the right palm down and left palm facing up.Head and eyes should turned towards the left hand. 

GATHI - Turn the body in front while stretching the right hand in front with palm facing up and left hand is placed near the chest with palm facing down . Knees are slightly bend . Head and eyes are facing front towards the audience.

JAGAM - While facing forward, place the right foot forward , turn the right palm down and left palm up  and then place the left foot forward while turning the right palm up and left palm facing down.  All this while eyes are looking straight ahead in Samam and head slightly tilts from right to left while taking both the steps.

THAKITHTHA - Place the right foot forward while turning the right palm down and left palm facing up. Head and eyes should tilt slightly to the right.

GATHI - Sit in Aramandalam with both heels touching with right palm still facing down and left palm up. Body should be tilted slightly to the left and eyes should be looking straight.

NAKAM - Move back placing the left foot while turning the right palm up and left palm facing down. Then place the right foot behind while turning the right palm down and left palm facing up.  All this while eyes are looking straight ahead in Samam and head slightly tilts from right to left while taking both the steps.

THAKITHTHA - Place the left foot behind while turning the right palm up and left palm facing down. Head and eyes should tilt slightly to the right. 

GATHI - Turn the body to the right side and come to starting posture. 


JAGANAM - VI




Chollu: JAGAJAGAJAM THITHTHA 
Starting Posture :  Both hands are stretched forward in oval shape with the right fingers placed above the left fingers. Eyes and head in Samam.

JAGAJAGAJAM - In Kalmandalam, on the toes move to the right side placing the right foot at JA,  left foot at GA, again he right foot at JA,  left foot at GA, right and left foot at JAM. Hence taking 6 small steps to the right while facing front.

THITHTHA  - Sit in Aramandalam while placing  the right foot on the heel  and stamping the left foot slightly away from the right foot .  Bring the right near the shoulder and place it parallel to the right foot with the palm facing up. Stretch the left hand to the left side diagonally with the palm facing down. Eyes should be looking at the right hand.
 After the Chollu, there is a small silent pause of 2 syllables "Thaka" . At this juncture, eyes alone should turn and look at the left hand.


With this we come to the end of Jaganams. Soon we shall move on to the next set of Adavus called the Dhaganams.

June 25, 2013

Mohiniyattam Adavus -Jaganams (1 to 4)

 

Now that we have learnt and practised all the 14 Thaganams, we shall now go on to the next set of Mohiniyattam Adavus called the "Jaganams". Like I've mentioned before, Jaganams are adavus which begins with the syllable 'Ja". These are 6 in number. Please be noted that Tripathaka is constant in all the Jaganam Adavus.


JAGANAM - I




Chollu: JAGAMTHANAM THARINAGAM THANAMTHARI
Starting Posture: Sit in Aramandalam with the right hand stretched to the side palming facing up and left hand near the chest palm facing down. (Both hands -Tripathaka)

JAGAMTHA - Turn the right foot to the right side without lifting the heel. Eyes should be looking straight above the right hand. 

NAM THARI - Bring the right foot to the original position again without lifting the heel. Eyes and face should be facing in front. Right palm turns and faces down. Left palm turns and faces up.

NAGAM THA - Stretch the left hand to the left side(palm facing up) and bring the right hand(palm facing down)near the chest.Turn the left foot to the left side without lifting the heel. Eyes should be looking straight above the left hand.

NAMTHARI - Bring the left foot to the original position again without lifting the heel. Eyes and face should be facing in front. Left palm turns and faces down. Right palm turns and faces up.

JAGANAM - II





Chollu: JAGAMTHANAM THARI KUMTHARI THA - NAGAM THANAMTHARI KUMTHARI THA
Starting Posture: Sit in Aramandalam with the right hand stretched to the side palming facing up and left hand near the chest palm facing down. (Both hands -Tripathaka)

JAGAMTHANAM THARI - Like the 1st Jaganam

KUMTHARI - Raise the right hand slightly , get up and then sit in Mukhalmandalam and turn around to the left side. Eyes must follow the right hand.

THA - Raise the leg slightly and keep it back in the original position. Eyes should be in Samam.

NAGAM THANAMTHARI KUMTHARI THA - The entire Adavu is repeated on the left side.


JAGANAM - III


Chollu: JAGAMTHANAM THARI KUMTHARI THA - NAGAM THANAMTHARI KUMTHARI THA
Starting Posture: Sit in Aramandalam with the right hand stretched to the side palming facing up and left hand near the chest palm facing down. (Both hands -Tripathaka)

JAGAMTHANAM THARI - Like the 1st Jaganam

KUM - Place the right foot near behind the left foot on the toes . The right hand is moved in a concave arched motion slowly. 

THARI - Stamp the left foot slightly. Hands start moving up above the head.

THA - Stamp the right leg and come to Aramandalam position, placing the right hand above the head with palm facing up. Eyes should be looking at hand. Body should be slanted slightly to the left.

NAGAM THANAMTHARI KUMTHARI THA - The entire Adavu is repeated on the left side.

During the entire Adavu, eyes must follow the hand that is moving in the concave motion.

JAGANAM - IV


Chollu: JAGAMTHANAM THARI KUMTHARI THA
Starting Posture:  Muzhumandalam with both hands holding Tripathaka facing down near the chest

JAGAMTHA - Sit in Muzhumandalam with both hands holding Tripathaka facing down near the chest and slowly start stretching out the hands in a semi - circular motion. 

NAM THARI -  Get up quickly from Muzhumandalam onto right leg placed diagonally in front to the right side bending the right knee while the left leg is stretched back diagonally on the toes and knees straight. Right hand should be stretched diagonally in front on the right side slightly above the head and left hand should be stretched diagonally backwards placed  above the left leg below the waist. Both hand hold changes to Hamsasya. Body and eyes should follow the movement of the right hand .

THARI KUMTHARI THA - The entire Adavu is repeated on the left side.

This Adavu is also known as the Shalabham Adavu . Shalabham means "butterfly". The hands of the dancer moves gracefully like wings of a butterfly, hence the name "Shalabham"".



The last 2 Jaganams are slightly different from the above 4. The above 4  are considered to be of the same series. Hence the last series of Jaganams shall be published in the next post. 

May 31, 2013

Mohiniyattam Adavus - Thaganam (11 to 14)


Now we shall go on the last set of Thaganams.

THAGANAM-XI 


Chollu: THA THTHAI THAIYUM THATHTHA DHITHITHTHAI
Starting Posture: Aramandalam posture. Right hand in Hamsasya  in front of the chest and left hand on the hip.


THA - Stretch the right leg diagonally in front and keep on the heels. Simultaneously stretch the right hand diagonally above the right leg in Ardhachandra with palm facing up. Body should be slanted to the right side and eyes should also look to the right side.

THTHAI - Right leg should come back and be placed near the left leg on the toes.Bring back the hand to the chest and place it there in Hamsasya. Eyes should move from right to left diagonally in front . Body should remain slanted to the right side.

THAIYUM - Standing in Kalmandalam, raise the right leg slightly in front of the left knee and turn around on the heel of the left leg. Right hand should also change to Ardhachandra and be placed in front of the waist. 

THATHTHA - Come back to Aramandalam after turning around.

DHI-THI-THTHAI - Leg like 3rd Thaganam but done diagonally. At DHI & THI right hand is above the head in Hamsasya. Body is slanted slightly to the right .At THTHAI bring back the hand in front of the navel changing to Ardhachandra. Body is straight.   Eyes should follow the hand and then look straight at the end.

The entire Adavu is then repeated on the left side.

THAGANAM-XII 

Chollu: THA THTHAI  THI THTHAI THAIYUM THAIYUM 
Starting Posture: Aramandalam posture. Boths hand in Hamsasya  in front of the chest .


THA - Stretch right leg to the right side on the heel. Move the hand in a circular motion while changing from Hamsasya to Ardhachandra and place it opposite the right knee with index finger pointing down. Body should be bent to the right side.

THTHAI - Bring back both hand and leg to the original position. Eyes should look straight.

THI - Same as above THA

THTHAI - Same as above THTHAI

THAI - Raise both legs onto the heels while sitting in Aramandalam. Both hands should turn from Hamsasya to Ardhachandra pointing down near the navel. Eyes should look at the hands

YUM - Place both legs in original position and change both hands to Hamsasya placing them near the chest.

THAIYUM - Same as above THAI YUM

The entire Adavu is then repeated on the left side.



THAGANAM-XIII 




Chollu: THA THTHAI  THI THTHAI THOM THTHAI NAM THTHAI
Starting Posture: Aramandalam posture. Boths hand in Hamsasya  in front of the chest .

THA - Stretch right leg to the right side on the heel. Move the hand in a circular motion while changing from Hamsasya to Ardhachandra and place it opposite the right knee with index finger pointing down. Body should be bent to the right side.

THTHAI - Bring back both hand and leg to the original position. Eyes should look straight.

THI - Repeat above THA on the left.

THTHAI - THTHAI - Bring back both hand and leg to the original position. Eyes should look straight.

THOM - Raise the legs keeping the right leg just in front of the left leg which is in Swasthikam. Right hand should change to Ardhachandra with the palms facing up. It should be placed slightly above the head ,diagonally in front with the elbow bent. Body should be bent to the right side slightly.. Eyes should look at the right hand.

THTHAI - Bring back both hand and leg to the original position. Eyes should look straight.

NAM - Repeat above THOM on the left side.

THTHAI - Bring back both hand and leg to the original position. Eyes should look straight.


The entire Adavu is then repeated on the left side.


THAGANAM-XIV



Chollu: THAIYYATHA DHRUKUTHAKA THADHIKINATHOM
Starting Posture: Aramandalam posture. Boths hand in Hamsasya  in front of the chest .

THAI - Stretch right leg to the right side on the heel. Move the hand in a circular motion while changing from Hamsasya to Ardhachandra and place it opposite the right knee with index finger pointing down. Body should be bent to the right side.

YATHA -Bring back both hand and leg to the original position. Eyes should look straight

DHRUKU - Raise both legs onto the heels while sitting in Aramandalam. Both hands should turn from Hamsasya to Ardhachandra pointing down near the navel. Eyes should look at the hands

THAKA -Place both legs in original position and change both hands to Hamsasya placing them near the chest.

THA - Place the right leg diagonally in front on the heel. Move the hand in a circular motion while changing from Hamsasya to Ardhachandra and place it in between the knee and the foot. Body should be slanted diagonally.

DHI-KI-NA-THOM -  Stamp left leg at DHI, right leg at KI,again left leg at NA and right leg at THOM. The hand should come back to original position slowly & gracefully in a semi-circular motion . At THOM hand and body will be back at the starting position. Eyes and body should follow the movement of the hand.

May 8, 2013

Mohiniyattam Adavus - Thaganams (8 to 10)



Now that we have mastered the 1st 7 Thaganams, we shall go on to the next set. The next set of Thaganams are slightly more complicated. 

THAGANAM-VIII





Chollu: THOM THITHA THA THAIYUM THI THAIYUM THEYUM THATHTHA
Starting Posture: Aramandalam posture. Both hands in Hamsasya  in front of the chest.


THOM - Place the right leg diagonally in front of the left leg at about a foot's distance(Left leg should be on the toes). Move both  hands up in a semi-circular motion. Eyes should follow the hand. Body should be slanted slightly towards the left side.

THITHA - Stamp the left leg and bring back the hand to the starting posture in a semi-circular motion.

THA THAIYUM - Keep the right leg onto the right side on the heels in Aramandalam. Body should be bend to the right side. Right hand should move a change from Hamsasya to Ardhachandra by moving in a circular motion from the chest placing it in front of the right knee. Eyes should follow the right hand.

THI THAIYUM  - Move to the right side placing the left leg in front of the right leg(Right leg should on the toes). Right hand will be in Hamsasya in front of the chest and the left hand will change from Hamsasya to Ardhachandra moving a slight semi-circular motion from the chest to the left side above the head. Body should be slanted towards the left side and head should be facing the left hand. 

THEYUM THATHTHA - Like the 3rd Thaganam except that the left hand will be above the head in the same position as THI THAIYUM.



The entire Adavu is then repeated on the left side

THAGANAM-IX


Chollu:  THA THAIYUM THI THAIYUM DHIMI THAIYUM THEYUM THATHTHA 
Starting Posture: Aramandalam posture. Both hands in Hamsasya  in front of the chest.


THA THAIYUM - Keep the right leg onto the right side on the heels in Aramandalam. Body should be bend to the right side. Right hand should move a change from Hamsasya to Ardhachandra by moving in a circular motion from the chest placing it in front of the right knee. Eyes should follow the right hand.

THI THAIYUM  - Move to the right side placing the left leg in front of the right leg(Right leg should on the toes). Right hand will be in Hamsasya in front of the chest and the left hand will change from Hamsasya to Ardhachandramoving a slight semi-circular motion from the chest to the left side above the head. Body should be slanted towards the left side and head should be facing the left hand. 

DHIMI THAI - Circle the body on the left leg with the right leg lifted up slightly. Right hand should also move in a circle in changing from Hamsasya to Ardhachandra , left had should remain in the same position as THI THAIYUM. 

YUM - The dancer is facing front with the hands in the same position as DHIMI THAI . The torso and right hand should move in a circular motion keeping the waist as fulcrum. 

THEYUM THATHTHA - The leg is similar to the 3rd Thaganam Adavu. Both right and left hand is above the head in Hamsasya at THEYUM and is brought down to Ardhachandra pointing down  near the navel at THATHTHA. 

The entire Adavu is then repeated on the left side



THAGANAM-X



Chollu:  THA THAIYUM THI THAIYUM DHIMI THAIYUM THEYUM THATHTHA 
Starting Posture: Aramandalam posture. Both hands in Tripathaka in front of the chest.

THA  - Lift the right leg slightly ,moving the body to the right side. Eyes should go to the right side. Both hands are in  Tripathaka;right hand should  face up and left hand should face down in front of the chest.

THAI - Lift the left leg slightly ,moving the body to the left side. Eyes should go to the left side. Both hands are in  Tripathaka; left hand should  face up and right hand should face down in front of the chest.

YUM - Come to Kalmandalam on the toes , with both hands holding  Hamsasya near the chest . Eyes looking in front. 

THI - Come to Aramandalam , with both hands holding  Hamsasya near the chest ; eyes looking in front. 

THAI - Again change to Kalmandalam in the same posture with both hands holding  Hamsasya near the chest ;eyes looking in front. 

YUM - Change to Aramandalam and then Kalmandalam with both hands holding  Hamsasya near the chest ;eyes looking in front. 

DHIMI - Change to Mukalmandalam with both hands changing from  Hamsasya to Ardhachandra  ;eyes looking in front

THAIYUM - Hands should move in a circular motion in Ardhachandra from the chest to above the head and then changing to Hamsasya again;remaining in Mukalmandalam

THEYUM THATHTHA  - The leg is similar to the 3rd Thaganam Adavu. Both right and left hand is above the head in Hamsasya at THEYUM and is brought down to Ardhachandra pointing down  near the navel at THATHTHA. 


The entire Adavu is then repeated on the left side

April 12, 2013

Mohiniyattam Adavus - Thaganams (1 to 7)

THAGANAM - I



Chollu: THAI -THAI- THI- THTHI
Starting Posture: Aramandalam posture. Hands in Namaste Position in front of the chest.

THAI - From Aramandalam, move the right leg slightly apart and simultaneously move the left leg next to the right leg and place it there on the toes. Hand should be kept steady in front of the chest.Body should move gracefully in semi-circular movement and bring the Namaste hands in front of the nose. Eyes should follow in semi-circular movement.

THAI - Move the left leg slightly apart and simultaneously move the right leg next to the left leg and place it there on the toes. Hand should be kept steady in front of the chest.Body should move gracefully in semi-circular movement and bring the Namaste hands in front of the nose. Eyes should follow in semi-circular movement.

THI - Same as first THAI except that the body moves from left to right instead of from front to right.

THTHI - Body should be steady continuing the posture of THI, slightly slanted. eyes should be looking straight ahead above the Namaste in front of the face.

The entire Adavu is repeated on the left side.

THAGANAM - II



Chollu: THI-THAA- THI-THTHI
Starting Posture: Aramandalam posture. Both hands - Tripathaka one in front of the chest and other in Dola.

THI - Stretch right leg diagonally in front from Aramandalam position and simultaneously stretch the left leg fully at the back.  Right hand in Tripathaka in  should move in semicircular motion from front of the chest and be placed in front of shoulder stretched with the elbow bend slightly. Eyes & head should follow the movement of the hand.

THAA - Hand, legs and eyes should do the reverse of 1st THI  i.e the body should come back the same way it moved while doing 1st THI and bring right leg to Swasthikam near left leg

THI  - While sitting in the posture with right leg in Swasthikam, and right hand in Tripathaka in front of the chest, only the torso should move up & down .Eyes and head should be looking down on to the left side.

THTHI - Same movement as 2nd THI

Repeat the entire Adavu on the left side.


THAGANAM - III



Chollu: THAI-THAI-THI THTHI THAI
Starting Posture: Aramandalam posture. Both hands in front of the chest - Tripathaka - palms facing down.

THAI - Raise the right leg slightly and keep it down. Body and head should sway slightly to the right side and right palm should turn and should face up. Eyes should move to the right side.

THAIRaise the left leg slightly and keep it down. Body and head should sway slightly to the left side and left palm should turn face up while the right hand turns to its previous position where the palm faces down. Eyes should move to the left side.

THI - Right leg should move slightly forward with the knee bend. Right hand should again turn with palm facing up and also move it slightly forward along with the right leg . Head and eyes should up straight.

THTHI - While maintaining the same posture as THI  , raise the left leg up slightly and keep it down .

THAI - Right leg will come back up to Aramandalam position and right hand will also come back near the chest and palms will face down.

Repeat the entire Adavu on the left side.



THAGANAM - IV



Chollu: THI-THAA- THI-THTHI THTHAI
Starting Posture: Aramandalam posture. Both hands in front of the chest - Hamsasya

THI - Bend body slightly  from right to left. Keep right leg behind left leg in Swasthikam. Change right hand from Hamsasya to Ardhachandra and left hand still in front of the chest in Hamsasya.

THAA - Come back to Aramandalam posture with right leg still in Swasthikam . Change right hand from Ardhachandra to Hamsasya.

THI - Take  a step back with right leg while keeping both hands in front of the chest in Hamsasya.

THTHI - Take  a step back with left leg while keeping both hands in front of the chest in Hamsasya

THTHAI - Bring both legs together in Aramandalam while keeping both hands in front of the chest in Hamsasya

Repeat the entire Adavu on the left side.



THAGANAM - V



Chollu: THI-THTHI -THTHAI
Starting Posture: Aramandalam posture. Both hands in front of the chest - Hamsasya


THI - Keep right leg in diagonally in front on the heels and change the right hand from Hamsasya to Ardhachandra upright. 

THTHI - Keeping the same posture as THI , raise the left leg and keep it down.

THTHAI - Change the right hand from Ardhachandra to Hamsasya while slightly turning the torso along the right hand. Bring back the right leg to Aramandalam posture.

Repeat the entire Adavu on the left side.

THAGANAM - VI



Chollu: THI-THTHI -THTHAI
Starting Posture: Aramandalam posture. Both hands in front of the chest - Hamsasya

THI - Bend body slightly to from right to left. Keep right leg behind left leg in Swasthikam. Change right hand from Hamsasya to Ardhachandra and left hand still in front of the chest in Hamsasya.

THTHI - Keeping the same posture as THI , raise the left leg and keep it down.


THTHAI - Change the right hand Ardhachandra to Hamsasya while slightly turning the torso from right to leg along with the right hand. Bring back the right leg to Aramandalam posture.

Repeat the entire Adavu on the left side.




THAGANAM - VII


Chollu: THAI-THAA-THA-THTHAI-THAI-THAI-THOM
Starting Posture: Samam. Both hands on the left hip.

THAI - Place right leg in front. Turn head and eyes to the right side -diagonally looking straight. 


THAA-THA-THTHAI- Stay in the same position as 1st THAI

THAI- Place left leg alongside the right leg. Move head and eyes in semi-circular motion by slightly raising the head  from right side to straight down . Rotate right shoulder slightly during the movement to make it more graceful.

THAI THOMStay in the same position as 2nd THAI

This Adavu is done in 3 speeds though the Chollu is said in one speed constantly i.e. the 1st speed and head  moves only in the 1st speed. It's only the speed of the leg that changes.



These are the 1st set and the more easier  Thaganams. The next set of Thaganams shall be explained in the next post. 








April 1, 2013

ADAVUS IN MOHINIYATTAM - I


We shall now go on to the basic steps of Mohiniyattam.  Adavus or steps like I mentioned before are the alphabets of classical dance. Amma says "a Mohiniyattam dancer should move her body as gracefully as the  plants in a paddy field moves in the breeze".  The dancer must always have a smile on her face and her expressions must come from within, the only will the "Rasikas' or the spectators will feel involved in the dance.

The Mohiniyattam Adavus have been codified by Smt.Kalyanikutty Amma . Earlier there was no real pattern to the Adavus . It was taken randomly from different sources like Thivuthirakali and  from old manuscripts. Amma was instrumental in setting  pattern to the Adavus and naming each one. Later when the dance form evolved various Mohiniyattam artistes have contributed and innovated the Adavus set by Amma.

The Adavus in Mohiniyattam are divided into 4:-

  1. THAGANAMS - 14 
  2. JAGANAMS - 6
  3. DHAGANAMS - 4
  4. SAMISHRAMS or the VAKRAMS  (varies)

The Cholus or the syllables for each are:

  • THAGANAMS -  The Adavus begin with the sound or syllable "Th"
  1. Thai Thai Thi Ththi
  2. Thi Ththa Thi Ththi
  3. Thai Thai Thi ThThi Thai
  4. Thi Ththa Thi ThThi Thai
  5. Thi ThThi Thai
  6. Thi ThThi Thai
  7. Thai Tha Tha Thai Thai Thom
  8. Thom Dhitha Tha Thaiyum Thi Thaiyum Theyum ThaThtha
  9. Tha Thaiyum Thi Thaiyum Dhimi Thaiyum  Theyum ThaThtha
  10. Tha Thaiyum Thi Thaiyum Dhimi Thaiyum  Theyum ThaThtha
  11. Tha Thai Theyum ThaThtha Dhi Thi Thai
  12. Tha Thai Thi Thai Theyum Theyum
  13. Tha Thai Thi Thai Thom Thai 
  14. Thaiyaththa Dhrikuthaka Tha Thi Kinathom

  • JAGANAMS - The Adavus begin with the sound or syllable "Ja"
  1. Jagam ThaNam ThariNagam ThaNa Thari
  2. Jagam ThaNam Thari Kum Thari Tha - Nagam ThaNam Thari Kum Thari Tha
  3. Jagam ThaNam Thari Kum Thari Tha - Nagam ThaNam Thari Kum Thari Tha                                                               
  4. Jagam ThaNam Thari Kum Thari Tha - Nagam ThaNam Thari Kum Thari Tha
  5. Jagam Thakitha Gathi Nagam Thakitha Gathi Jagam Thakitha Gathi Nagam Thakitha Gathi  
  6. JagaJagaJamThithA JagaJagaJamThithA 

  • DHAGANAMS  - The Adavus begin with the sound or syllable "Dh"
  1. Dhikidhinnam Thadhinnam
  2. DhaNutha DhajaNutha DhajaNutha  Thadhimitha
  3. DhANumThaNumthari ThiththathaNumthari
  4. DhANumThaNum thari ThiththathaNum thari

  • SAMISHRAM/VAKRAM - These are a combination of the above learnt Adavus and hence a little more complicated.
  1. Thamtharitha Dhinam Dheem Tharitha Dhinam
  2. Thamtharitha Dhinam Dheem Tharitha Dhinam
  3. Thankita Thaththi Tharikitadhimithaka ThlonkuThlanku ThathimkiNa
  4. Thankita Thaththi Tharikitadhimithaka ThlonkuThlanku ThathimkiN
  5. Thaththitha kaNa Thakathithakanaka Thikuthathari Tharikitadhina Thlanku Dhinathom
  6. Thaththi ThakaNaka Thakumthari Kitathaka
The above Adavus have been codified and choreographed by Amma. There are more Adavus called the Thirumanams or the finishing Adavus which shall be explained later.

A few more Adavus have been added to Samishram by my Guru, Smt.Shyamala Surendran.
The Cholu for all of them are " Thamtharitha Dhinam Dheem Tharitha Dhinam".

The method for each Adavu are explained in next posts.